India is a country with vast covered area and millions of people dwelling in it. The population exceeds 1.2 billion people. The government faces many challenges in providing the basic necessities to the people of the country. Education sector is one of the prime sectors that have the attention of government because they realize the fact that it is the only way to make their nation prosper. Despite earnest efforts, the education system has serious discrepancies. Some of the facts about Indian education system are mentioned below.
1- The higher education enrollment ratio in India is one of the lowest in the world with just 11% students enrolling in higher education institutes.
2- Out of every nine students who attend schools, just one of them ends up taking admission in college.
3- In order to improve the enrollments in the higher education institutes, the government planned on investing Rs 226410 Crore s by 2014. Up till now it has just invested, one fourth of the total amount.
4- A study conducted by one of the renowned research agency indicated that students in India who have a degree in humanities, just one out of ten of them are employable. Similarly, students having degree in engineering, just one out of four is employable.
5- A study by the international accreditation agency stated the fact that 90% of the colleges and 70% of the universities that were graded were found to be of middling or poor quality.
6- Most of the universities in India were found to revise their curricula once in five or ten years which is why they are outdated.
7- A study indicated that the number of students who commit suicide because of the pressures of performing well in schools and colleges are rising alarmingly.
8- On an average, a total of $7 Billion is spent yearly by students in India in an attempt to go abroad and study because of the poor quality of education in India.
9- As Indian government has forbidden the entry of international institutes to set up branches in India, the same amount being spent to go abroad could be sufficient enough to run around 10 more IITs in the country.
10- The state of education in primary schools in below average. It has been found that in rural North India, on an average, there is no teaching activity at all in almost half of the primary schools.
These facts highlight an alarming situation and indicate that there is a pressing need for improving education system in India. If India wishes to improve the condition of the country and make it prosper then it has to take immediate steps to elevate the condition of education and implement globally accepted principles that ensure quality of learning.